Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription or Fee Access

A Review on Amino Acids

Chandani Kamble, Rohankumar Chavan, Vikas Kamble


Protein is made up of amino acids, which are the building blocks of the molecule. Only 20 amino acids are involved in protein synthesis, even though more than 300 amino acids have been identified. In nature, all twenty amino acids did not appear at the same time. Rather, some of them appeared first, while others were later incorporated into the genetic code. It is vital to include them in one's diet since a lack of them causes a reduction in protein synthesis, which leads to disease. In this article, amino acids, their properties, functions, and associated diseases have been elaborated.


Amino acids, Protein, Activity, Diseases

Full Text:



Satyanarayana U, Chakrapani U, Biochemistry, 4th Edn. Books & Allied Pvt. Ltd; 2013, 44-52.

Chatwal GR, Organic Chemistry of Natural Products, 1st Edn. Vol-I, Himalaya Publishing House, 2005, 2.1-2.13.

Agrawal OP, Organic Chemistry of Natural Products, 4th Edn. Vol-I, GOEL Publishing House; 2015, 122-137.

Deb AC, Fundamentals of Biochemistry, 10th Edn. New Central Book Agency (P) Ltd; 2016, 86.

Bahl A, Bahl AS, Advanced Organic Chemistry, 1st Edn. S. Chand and Company Pvt. Ltd; 1977, 854-868.

Agarkar P, Kulkarni Y, Biochemistry, 4th Edn. Nirali Prakashan; 2015, 2.1-2.7.

National Center for Biotechnology Information (2021). PubChem Compound Summary for CID 5950, Alanine. Retrieved August 12, 2021 from


Donald AU, and Victor JH, A General Method for the Preparation of a-Labeled Amino Acids, J. Org. Chem, 1977; Vol. 42: 13p.

KCAS. AMINO ACIDS. Available online at:

Biochem. Amino acids – Proteins (Basic Overview).

Akram M, Asif HM, Uzair M. Amino acids: A review article, Journal of Medicinal Plants Research, 9 September, 2011; 5(17): 3997-4000p, Available online at ISSN 1996-0875 ©2011 Academic Journals.

H.D. Belitz, H. D., Grosch, W., Schieberle, P., Amino Acids, Peptides, Proteins, December 2008 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-540-69934-7_2

Finar IL, Organic Chemistry: Stereochemistry & the Chemistry of Natural Product, 5th Edn. Vol-I, Darling Kindersley (India) Pvt. Ltd; 2013, 652-669.

Scot R, Leonard S, New functions for amino acids: effects on gene transcription and translation, Am. J. Clin. Nut, 2006; 83(2): 500-507p.

Théo Magrino, Fabio Pietrucci and A. Marco Saitta, Step by Step Strecker Amino Acid Synthesis from Ab Initio Prebiotic Chemistry, J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2021; 12(10): 2630–2637

Wu G. Amino acids: biochemistry and nutrition, Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press; 2013.

Hellwinkel D, Systematic Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry, Springer-Verlag, Berlin und Heidelberg, Germany, 2001; 209-210p.

Wikipedia. Amino acid. 23 October 2021. Available online at:


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2022 Research & Reviews: A Journal of Drug Design & Discovery