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Α Review on a Potential Herb: Ixora coccinea Linn

Himanshu Joshi, Sayati Dutta, Gururaj M.P., Arun B. Joshi, Chandrashaker K.S., M. Dinesh Nayak


The   plant   Ixora coccinea (Rubiaceae) is a commonly available shrub throughout India. The  plant  has  been  documented  of  use  not  only  in  Ayurveda,  but  also  in  various  folk  system  of  medicine  in  India  and  Sri  Lanka.  The  present  article  is  an  effort  to  collect  information   regarding  its  traditional  use,  phytochemical  and  pharmacological  updates.  The review  reveals  a  wide  variety  of  phytoconstituents  that  have  been isolated,  such  as  lupeol,  ursolic  acid,  oleanolic   acid,  stearic  acid,  oleic  acid,  linoleic  acid,  sitosterol,  ixoratanninA2,  procyanidin A2,   cinnamotannin B-1  and  the  flavones-3 olrhamnosides  namely  kaempferol-7-o-α-1-rhamnoside,   kaempferol-3-o-α-1-rhamnopyranoside,  and kaempferol-3-0-α-1-dirhamnoside,   are  responsible  for various  pharmacological  activities  like  antimicrobial,  wound  healing,  antioxidant,  hepatoprotective,   anti-inflammatory,  anti-ulcer,  anti-asthmatic,  anti-diarrhoeal  and  many  other  such  medicinal  properties.   For  the  past  few  years,  extensive  research  has  been  done  to  verify  its  therapeutic  activities  and  pharmacology  of  its  extracts.  These  research  works  have  proved     Ixora  coccinea   as  an  important  medicinal plant  and  there  is  a  need  to  create  awareness  regarding  the  medicinal   values  of  the  plant  so  that  it can  be  used  for  the  welfare  of  mankind.

Keywords:  Ixora   Coccinea, Chemical Constituents, Traditional Uses, Medicinal Properties, Pharmacological Activities

Cite this Article:

Joshi H, Dutta S, Gururaj MP, et al. Α Review on a potential herb: Ixora coccinea Linn. Research & Reviews: A Journal of Pharmacognosy. 2015; 2(1): 1–14p.

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