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Evaluation Studies on Branded Edible Oils

L. Immanuel, Lokesh Yadav, Blessy Jacob, Vineeth Chandy


Epidemic dropsy is a clinical state which is caused due to argemone oil which is extracted from the prickly poppy seeds of Argemone Mexicana which are distributed and found everywhere. Argemone oil is used as an adulterated or substituent with sunflower oil and mainly also with mustard oil which is used for consumption leads to some the health disorders such as gall bladder cancer, necrosis, oedema, glaucoma, and cardiovascular disorder. This argemone oil has been adulterated with different edible oil including the branded ones also such as sunflower oil, mustard oil, rice bran oil, olive oil, etc., this argemone oil adulterated with other cooking oil causes various health issues and major toxic effects to the body. Epidemic dropsy is the disease caused due to Sanguinarine and dihydro sanguinarine which are the harmful compounds which are responsible for the symptoms like necrosis, glaucoma, diarrhoea, vomiting, etc. In today's world consumption of oily food, items are more in which the expensive oils are getting adulterated with cheaper oils. There is various detection method in which the toxic component sanguinarine is detected such as identification test, chemical test, and some advanced method like HPLC, paper chromatography, colorimetric method, spectroscopic methods, etc. The chemical test for argemone oil was performed with the modified nitric acid test, nitric acid test, ferric chloride test, the cupric acid test.


Epidemic dropsy, Sanguinarine, Dihydro sanguinarine, Argemone oil, Spectroscopic methods.

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